INGREDIENTS GLOSSARY



NATURAL INGREDIENTS - GLOSSARY


  • ANISE STAR

    Botanical Name: Illicium verum

    Essence: Anise star has a fresh, sweet, spicy, licorice-like-aroma.

    Origin: It is produced from the star shaped seeds of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is used to relieve stress and fatigue and improve overall wellbeing.

    BASIL

    Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum

    Essence: Basil is a sacred plant in India and used in Ayurvedic medicine. It has a warm, spicy and herbal aroma.

    Origin: Extracted from the fresh leaves of the basil plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is known to reduce anxiety and tension.

    BEES WAX

    Beeswax is an all natural candle wax. It is a natural air purifier, producing negative ions when burned which help to neutralise pollutants in the air.

    BENZOIN

    Botanical Name: Styrax benzoin

    Essence: Used for centuries in Asia and India as a medicine and incense. Benzoin essential oil has a sweet, warm, vanilla-like scent.

    Origin: The oil is produced from the tree resin.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It has a calming and grounding effect, when used in aromatherapy.

    BERGAMOT

    Botanical Name: Citrus bergamia

    Essence: A citrus fruit whose rind is used for extracting the bergamot essential oil. It is often used in potpourri and perfumery. This "top note" has a fresh, spicy, floral and citrus aroma.

    Origin: Extracted from the citrus rind.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is often used in aromatherapy and massage for its calming and soothing qualities.

    BIRCH TAR

    Botanical Name: Betula pendula

    Essence: Birch tar is traditionally used as the active ingredient in tar soap and ointments for treating eczema and psoriasis. The scent is of tar, charred wood and smoke, reminiscent of a camp fire.

    Origin: Obtained from the birch tree bark.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The aroma is stimulating, soothing and warming.

    BLACK PEPPER

    Botanical Name: Piper nigrum

    Essence: Black pepper is one of the oldest spices. Its aroma is hot, sharp, fruity and spicy.

    Origin: Steam distilled from the pepper fruit.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The essential oil soothes the nerves and can relieve symptoms of anxiety. It also stimulates and energises. 

    BLACK SPRUCE

    Botanical Name: Picea mariana

    Essence:  Black spruce essential oil has a scent that is fresh and clean, sweet and balsamic.

    Origin: Black spruce essential oil comes from the needles and twigs of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is used in aromatherapy as a decongestant and for its strengthening and invigorating properties.

    BLUE TANSY

    Botanical Name: Tanacetum annuum

    Essence: A plant useful for treating burned, inflamed, and damaged skin. It has a sweet herbaceous aroma.

    Origin: The essential oil of blue tansy is extracted by steam distillation of all of the plant parts.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is is a deeply calming and relaxing oil.

    CARDAMOM

    Botanical Name: Elettaria cardamomum

    Essence: Cardamom is native to India, and is used in Ayurvedic medicine. The aroma is exotic, warm, spicy fruity and balsamic.

    Origin: The essential oil is taken from the seed of the plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The scent promotes clear breathing and is warming and soothing.

    CASSIA

    Botanical Name: Cinnamomum cassia

    Essence: A close relative to cinnamon, Cassia is a warm and spicy oil, perfect for winter blends.

    Origin: Extracted from the leaves, twigs and sometimes bark of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is an uplifting essential oil.

    CEDARWOOD

    Botanical Name: Cedrus atlantica

    Essence: Cedarwood has a long history as an incense and perfume. The wood was burned by the Greeks and Romans to fragrance the air. The aroma has woody, balsamic, and rich dry overtones.

    Origin: Extracted from the atlas cedarwood tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It naturally repels insects and promotes relaxation. It is a grounding oil that evokes feelings of wellness.

    CHAMOMILE

    Botanical Name: Anthemis nobilis​

    Essence: Referred to as the "plants physician" because of its positive effects on plants growing nearby, Chamomile can be found in beauty products, teas and perfumes. Collected from the flower, chamomile is floral, sweet and herbaceous in aroma.

    Origin: Extracted from the flower.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Used in aromatherapy for its calming effect on the mind and body.

    CINNAMON

    Botanical Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum​

    Essence: Cinnamon essential oil contains cleansing and immune supporting properties. The oil has a long history of culinary and medicinal uses. The aroma is spicy, woody and sweet.

    Origin: Extracted from the bark of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    It has a comforting and warming scent.

    CLARY SAGE

    Botanical Name: Salvia sclarea​​

    Essence: The aroma is a woody, herbal, and coniferous. Adds a warming note to a perfume blend.

    Origin: Taken from the leaf and flower of the plant. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy clary sage promotes a restful and calming night's sleep.

    CLOVE

    Botanical Name: Syzygium aromaticum​​​​

    Essence: Clove contains powerful antioxidant properties. 

    Origin: The essential oil derives from the bud of the plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Its aroma is very wam, spicy and woody and slightly sweet.

    COCONUT WAX

    Made from the coconut plant by cold pressing the white flesh to extract the oil. Using the hydrogenation process, coconut oil is transformed into wax. This is the same process used to make another type of candle wax, soy wax. Luxurious coconut wax is an eco-friendly wax, it is clean burning and helps give our candles an excellent scent throw.

    CYPREES

    Botanical Name: Cupressus sempervirens​​

    Essence: Cypress has been used for thousands of years as a cleansing incense for several Nepalese and Tibetan cultures. Cypress trees were planted outside of temples and burial grounds by the Greeks and Romans. Cypress essential oil has a clean, fresh, woody, herbaceous aroma.

    Origin: Taken from the leaf of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    Used in aromatherapy the scent is refreshing, uplifting and energising.

  • ELEMI

    Botanical Name: Canarium luzonicum

    Essence: Elemi essential oil has a spicy, fresh, lemony aroma. Egyptians used the resin from elemi oil in the embalming process.

    Origin: Elemi oil comes from the gum or resin of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is a grounding and balancing essential oil.

    EUCALYPTUS

    Botanical Name: Eucalyptus radiata

    Essence: Eucalyptus is one of the oldest native medicines in Australia. It is known for its antiseptic and decongesting properties.

    Origin: The essential oil is derived from the leaves and twigs of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy, eucalyptus essential oil uplifts, cools, and cleanses the mind, body and surroundings. Its aroma is woody, fresh, camphoraceous and penetrating.

    FRANKINCENSE

    Botanical Name: Boswellia carteri

    Essence: An ancient, spiritual ingredient often used as incense. It has a fresh, woody, spicy and balsamic aroma.

    Origin: This precious oil is collected from the tree resin.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The essential oil promotes feelings of peace and relaxation.

    GERANIUM


    Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens

    Essence: Geranium essential oil has a herbaceous, floral and sweet scent.

    Origin: Geranium essential oil is derived from the flowers and leaves of the plant. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy it is known to naturally repel insects. It is uplifting and calming.

    GALBANUM


    Botanical Name: Ferula galbaniflua

    Essence: Galbanum is an ancient and spiritual oil and has a long history as incense. Taken from the tree resin, the oil is often a fixative in perfumes.

    Origin: Gathered from the tree resin.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The aroma is fresh, woody, spicy and balsamic. The scent is grounding and restorative.

    GRAPEFRUIT

    Botanical Name: Citrus paradisi

    Essence: Grapefruit essential oil is fresh, tangy and citrus.

    Origin: Derived from the grapefruit plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is known for its energising and invigorating aroma, which helps uplift mood and clarify the mind.

    GUAIAC WOOD

    Botanical Name: Bulnesia sarmientoi

    Essence: Native to South America, guaiac wood essential oil is sweet, woody and milky. Traditionally used as an incense, burned to purify the atmosphere.

    Origin: Harvested from the wood of palo santo tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The essential oil is cleansing and centering.

    HO WOOD

    Botanical Name: Cinnamonum camphora

    Essence: Ho wood essential oil is becoming a more ethical alternative to rosewood as it is produced from a more sustainable source. The aroma is bright, warm and slightly woody.

    Origin: Ho wood is harvested from the leaves and twigs of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    The soothing scent can help relieve symtoms of anxiety.

    HYSSOP

    Botanical Name: Hyssopus officinalis

    Essence: Hyssop has a history as a purifying herb. It's aroma is rich herbaceous, sweet and camphoraceous.

    Origin: Taken from the flowering plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy it is used for its purifying properties.

    JASMINE

    Botanical Name: Jasminum officinale

    Essence: Jasmine is an exquisite essential oil that is intensely floral, warm, musky and exotic in aroma. It is used extensively in perfumery.

    Origin: Derived from the jasmine flower.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy jasmine is euphoric, positive and confidence inducing. Our Jasmine essential oil comes from the steam distillation of thousands of jasmine petals.

    JUNIPER


    Botanical Name: Juniperus communis

    Essence: Juniper has a balsamic, clean, woody, spicy aroma.

    Origin: Juniper essential oil is derived from the berry of the coniferous tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is traditionally used to purify the air and has a calming effect that helps to relieve tension.

    LABDANUM

    Botanical Name: Cistus ladaniferus

    Essence: Labdanum also known as the "Rose of Sharon". The aroma is warm, sweet, musky and amber.

    Origin: It is taken from the rock rose plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It can calm the nerves and elevate preception and is often used in meditation practice.

    LAVANDIN

    Botanical Name: Lavandula hybrida

    Essence: Lavandin essential oil has a fresh, camphoraceous and herbaceous aroma.

    Origin: Lavandin originates from the plants flower. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy lavandin essential oil is balancing, soothing, clarifying and calming. Like lavender, it is the perfect scent to aid a good nights sleep.

    LAVENDER

    Botanical Name: Lavandula angustifolia

    Essence: In ancient times, the Egyptians and Romans used Lavender for bathing, relaxation, cooking and as a perfume. Its aroma is sweet, floral and herbaceous.

    Origin: Lavender essential oil is obtained from the flower spikes.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is widely used for its calming, relaxing and peaceful properties. It will also promote a restful night's sleep.

    LEMON

    Botanical Name: Citrus limonum

    Essence: Lemon essential oil is a powerful cleansing agent, and medicinally it has an affinity with the digestive system.

    Origin: Sourced from the lemon peel.

    Therapeutic Properties
    It is an energising oil with a clean, fresh, citrus bright aroma. Lemon essential oil cleanses the air and promotes a happy and positive mood.

    LEMONGRASS

    Botanical Name: Cymbopogon citratus​​

    Essence: Lemongrass essential oil is widely used in candles as an insect repellent. The aroma is citrus, herbaceous and smoky.

    Origin: Gathered from the lemongrass leaves.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Like lemon essential oil, it will heighten awareness and promote a positive outlook.

    LIME

    Botanical Name: Citrus aurantifolia

    Essence: Lime essential oil's aroma is citrus, tart and sweet.

    Origin: Lime essential oil is cold pressed from the peel of fresh limes.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy it positively effects mood. It is uplifting, refreshing and energising.

    LITSEA / MAY CHANG

    Botanical Name: Litsea cubeba​

    Essence: The litsea tree has a long history of use in Chinese herbal medicine. It has a heavy, sweet citrus aroma.

    Origin: Litsea essential oil essential oil is extracted from the fruit of the Litsea Cubeba tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    The scent is refreshing, stimulating and uplifting, perfect for relieving fatigue.

    MARJORAM

    Botanical Name: Origanum majorana​

    Essence: Marjoram also known as "joy of the mountains" is utilised as both a culinary and medicinal herb. The scent is sweet, balsamic and herbaceous.

    Origin: Harvested from the flowering tops of the plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy the essential oil is calming and relaxing.

    MANDARIN

    Botanical Name: Citrus reticulata

    Essence: Mandarin oranges are used in both Ayurvedic and Chinese medicines. The aroma of mandarin essential oil is light, warm, fruity and citrus.

    Origin: The essential oil comes for the peel of the fruit.

    Therapeutic Properties
    This essential oil soothes restlessness and can relieve insomnia.

    MIMOSA

    Botanical Name: Acacia dealbata

    Essence: Mimosa is native to Australia. The aroma is warm, sweet floral and spicy.

    Origin: Gathered from the flowers of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Mimosa essential oil brings harmony to a blend. It is uplifting, relaxing and a powerful aphrodisiac.

    MYRRH

    Botanical Name: Commiphora myrrha​

    Essence: Myrrh has been used for centuries for its internal and external health benefits. It has powerful cleansing properties. Myrrh essential oil is dry, creamy and resinous.

    Origin: Taken from the resin of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy myrrh essential oil promotes emotional balance and well-being.

    NEROLI

    Botanical Name: Citrus aurantium​

    Essence: Neroli essential oil is an antioxidant with antimicrobial properties. It has been used for centuries to soften wrinkles, reduced veins and capillaries, and stimulate new growth in skin cells. The aroma is light, sweet and floral.

    Origin: Extracted from the flowers of the bitter orange tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy it is known for its calming effects.

    NUTMEG

    Botanical Name: Myristica fragrans

    Essence: Nutmeg essential oil is spicy, warm and nutty.

    Origin: Taken from the dried seeds of the plant. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    Its aroma is stimulating and encouraging.

    ORANGE

    Botanical Name: Citrus sinensis​​​​​

    Essence: Orange essential oil is sweet, fresh and citrus in aroma.

    Origin: Extracted from the peel of the orange.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Orange is stimulating and purifying. The scent will energise and uplift the mind and body.


  • PALMAROSA

    Botanical Name: Cymbopogon martinii​​​​​​

    Essence: Palmarosa essential oil is sweet, floral, rosy and geranium-like.

    Origin: Harvested from a family of tropical wild growing grass, rich in aromatic oils.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy this oil can be stimulating and soothing.

    PALO SANTO

    Botanical Name: Bursera graveolens​​​​​​

    Essence: Palo santo also known as "sacred wood" is used in South America to combat negative energy and cleanse a space. Palo santo is tenacious, sweet woody and resinous.

    Origin: Taken from the wood of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The essential oil is purifying and clarifying and used often in meditation.

    PATCHOULI

    Botanical Name: Pogostemon cablin

    Essence: Patchouli is a herb from the mint family, used as an incense and popular in perfumery as a base note. The aroma is earthy, smoky, spicy and musky.

    Origin: Derived from the flower of the plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The fragrance of patchouli essential oil provides a grounding, balancing effect on the emotions.

    PINE

    Botanical Name: Pinus sylvestris​

    Essence: Pine essential oil is used in perfumery for its forest like aroma. It is strong, dry-balsamic and turpentine-like.

    Origin: Taken from the needles of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    Its purifying, cleansing scent helps promote winter wellness. Pine is known to be uplifting and invigorating and can clear the air, releasing negative emotions.

    PINK PEPPER

    Botanical Name: Schinus molle​

    Essence: Although unrelated botanically to black pepper, it can be used in many of the same ways as both a spice and an essential oil. Pink pepper is sweet, spicy, fruity and dry.

    Origin: Taken from the peppercorns. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    Emotionally, it acts as a stimulant.

    PETITGRAIN

    Botanical Name: Citrus aurantium​​

    Essence: Petitgrain essential oil is fresh, woody and slightly floral in aroma.

    Origin: Extracted from the leaves and and green twigs of the bitter orange tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Its scent is refreshing and emotionally balancing.

    RAPESEED WAX


    Rapeseed wax is an all natural and sustainably grown wax. It contains no pesticides or herbicides and is completely biodegradable.

    RAVENSARA

    Botanical Name: Ravensara aromatica​​​

    Essence: The aroma is camphoraceous, herbaceous, woody and slightly spicy. Ravensara is known as the "oil that heals" due to its powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and air purifying properties.

    Origin: A rain forest tree native to Madagascar, Ravensara essential oil is harvested from the leaves. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy the scent is soothing, comforting and grounding. Its restorative nature make it a perfect for winter months.

    ROSEMARY

    Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis​​​​

    Essence: Rosemary has been revered for its healing qualities for centuries. The herb was considered sacred by the ancient Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Hebrew cultures. It is also considered a symbol of love, and the sprigs have been traditionally used in wedding ceremonies. This evergreen shrub whose leaves are often put to culinary use, supports healthy digestion.

    Origin: Derived form the leaves and flowers of the plant.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The aroma is camphoraceous and herbaceous. In aromatherapy it is energising and awakening.

    ROSEWOOD

    Botanical Name: Dalbergia sissoo​​​​​

    Essence: Rosewood essential oil is floral, sweet and slightly spicy in aroma.

    Origin: Harvested from the wood of the tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The aroma has an uplifting effect on both the body and mind.

    SANDALWOOD

    Botanical Name: Santalum spicata​

    Essence: One of perfumes most revered aromatics. Sandalwood is a spiritual oil also known as the "Divine Oil". The aroma is soft, woody tenacious and balsamic. The revered fragrance has many healing qualities.

    Origin: Sandalwood essential oil is harvested from the roots and wood of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    Sandalwood quiets the mind, opens the heart and awakens intuition. It is renowned for its calming, uplifting powers and is used for deep meditation. We only use Australian Sandalwood as it is presently being produced in a sustainable, environmentally responsible manner.

    SILVER FIR

    Botanical Name: Abies Alba​

    Essence: Silver fir essential oil is a popular choice of traditional Christmas tree. It has a clean, crisp, woody and powdery aroma.

    Origin: The silver or white fir essential oil is sourced from the needle of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    The scent evokes feelings of stability, energy, clarity and empowerment.

    SOY WAX

    Made from 100% pure soybean and botanical oils. Our soy candle wax is environmentally friendly. It contains no pesticides, herbicides or petroleum. Soy wax candles are biodegradable and will burn longer and cleaner than synthetically made candles.

    TONKA BEAN

    Botanical Name: Dipteryx odorata

    Essence: Known as the "Oil of Initiation" as it is often used in ceremonial initiations. The fruit contains a single black seed or tonka bean. The aroma of tonka bean is rich, warm and caramel-like with a soft tobacco undertone.

    Origin: Tonka bean is harvested from the ripe fruit of the tree. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    The scent is warming and sensual and known as an aphrodisiac.

    VERBENA

    Botanical Name: Thymus hyemalis​

    Essence: Lemon verbena is used in perfumery for its exquisite lemon scent. The aroma is citrus fresh and sweet.

    Origin: Lemon verbena is a deciduous, perennial shrub. Lemon verbena oil is extracted from the freshly harvested leaves.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy the essential oil calms, sedates and helps to de-stress and relieve the body of tension.

    VANILLA

    Botanical Name: Vanilla planifolia​

    Essence: Vanilla is commonly used in cookery and perfumery. The aroma is rich, sweet, balsamic and vanilla-like. The oleoresin is warming, alluring and cosy.

    Origin: Gathered from the vanilla bean.

    Therapeutic Properties
    The scent melts anxiety and worries away.

    VETIVERT

    Botanical Name: Vetiveria zizanoides

    Essence: Vetiver essential oil has a sweet, woody, caramel, smoky aroma.

    Origin: Extracted from the root of the grass.

    Therapeutic Properties
    In aromatherapy this oil has a calming and grounding effect on the emotions.

    YARROW

    Botanical Name: Achillea millefolium​

    Essence: Yarrow essential oil's aroma is dry, smooth and herbal.

    Origin: Gathered from the flowers of this perennial herb. 

    Therapeutic Properties
    Yarrow is a balancing, soothing oil which can help treat insomnia.

    YLANG YLANG

    Botanical Name: Cananga odorata

    Essence: Ylang ylang essential oil oil is used extensively in luxury perfumery and aromatherapy. The aroma is sweet, floral, rich and spicy.

    Origin: Harvested from the star shaped flowers of the tropical ylang ylang tree.

    Therapeutic Properties
    Ylang Ylang lifts mood and lessons tension while having a calming positive effect. It is also a potent aphrodisiac.